If there’s a chance you could have coronavirus, call 111 and isolate yourself from other people.
This means you should:
- stay at home
- not go to work, school or public areas
- not use public transport or taxis
- ask friends, family members or delivery services to carry out errands for you
- try to avoid visitors to your home – it’s OK for friends, family or delivery drivers to drop off food
You may need to do this for up to 14 days to help reduce the possible spread of infection.
The World Health Organization raised the global risk assessment of the virus to its top level, “very high”. Statisitcs suggest that globally, more than 85,000 people have now been infected.
This infection is spread across 57 countries and approximately 3,000 people have now died.
The vast majority of the people who have died have been from China’s Hubei province, which is where the outbreak originated in December 2019.
What Can We Do To Help Protect The UK
It is our / your responsibility to prevent the spread to others. If you have a cough for example then catch the cough into a tissue and dispose of it. The Coronavirus is spread mainly from airborne particles and coughing is the main method of transmission. If you was to cough into your hand and then touch a door handle, the door handles is now infected and if people touch this after you and they then put their fingers into their mouths then virus will have been spread to them!
As the news reports more and more about the Coronavirus, how worried should be in the UK?
Wash Your Hands To Prevent The Spread Of The Coronavirus
It is vital that everyone takes note of the what the health experts are saying as we all play a part in the problem of spreading.
Washing our hands is key to prevent spreading and becoming in contact with contaminated items like door handles.
The BBC reported that based on data from 44,000 patients with this coronavirus, the WHO says:
- 81% develop mild symptoms
- 14% develop severe symptoms
- 5% become critically ill
What are the symptoms of the Coronavirus ?
The virus gets into your body from the mouth mainly and then you start to become feverish with a high temperature reaching 40 degrees. This is then followed by a dry cough which is on the chest. The cough can be severe and cause shortness of breath and breathing difficulites.
Another syptom is muscle pain and feeling tired.
After a week, it leads to shortness of breath and some patients require hospital treatment.
The incubation period between infection and showing any symptoms can lasts up to 14 days according to the World Health Organization (WHO).
COVID-19: background information
Information on COVID-19 including epidemiology, virology and clinical features.
On 31 December 2019, WHO was informed of a cluster of cases of pneumonia of unknown cause detected in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China. A novel coronavirus (SARS coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2)) was subsequently identified from patient samples.
This document contains information for clinicians and the public on the epidemiology and virology of COVID-19, the infection caused by SARS-CoV-2.
There may be further information specific to each country in the United Kingdom, as this guidance was written by Public Health England primarily for an English health professional audience.
Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses with some causing less-severe disease, such as the common cold, and others causing more severe disease such as Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) coronaviruses.
Nomenclature and characterisation
The Coronavirus Study Group (CSG) of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses has designated the aetiological agent ‘severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2’ (SARS-CoV-2). Characterisation of SARS-CoV-2 is ongoing. Initial information shared by China and WHO indicates that SARS-CoV-2 is a beta-coronavirus that is genetically similar to SARS-like coronaviruses obtained from bats in Asia.
The source of the outbreak has yet to be determined. Preliminary investigations identified environmental samples positive for SARS-CoV-2 in Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market in Wuhan City, however some laboratory-confirmed patients did not report visiting this market. A zoonotic source to the outbreak has not been identified yet, but investigations are ongoing.
Although evidence is still emerging, information to date indicates human-to-human transmission is occurring. Hence, precautions to prevent human-to-human transmission are appropriate for both suspected and confirmed cases (see infection prevention and control guidance).
We do not know the routes of transmission of COVID-19; however, other coronaviruses are mainly transmitted by large respiratory droplets and direct or indirect contact with infected secretions. In addition to respiratory secretions, other coronaviruses have been detected in blood, faeces and urine.
Under certain circumstances, airborne transmission of other coronaviruses is thought to have occurred via unprotected exposure to aerosols of respiratory secretions and sometimes faecal material.
Initial clinical findings from patients to date have been shared by China and WHO. Fever, cough or chest tightness, and dyspnoea are the main symptoms reported. While most patients have a mild illness, severe cases are also being reported, some of whom require intensive care.
A variety of abnormalities may be expected on chest radiographs, but bilateral lung infiltrates appear to be common (similar to what is seen with other types of viral pneumonia).